The Food Industry Initiative on Antimicrobials (FIIA)


28 January 2022

FIIA welcomes new EU rules and confirms alignment

The FIIA welcomes new regulations on veterinary use of antibiotics coming into force in the EU on 28 January 2022, and underlines broad consistency with existing FIIA policies on responsible use of antibiotics in members’ food supply chains.

The European Medicines Agency says the Veterinary Medicinal Products Regulation (Regulation (EU) 2019/6) will modernise existing rules on the authorisation and use of veterinary medicines in the European Union (EU).

One key area in the new EU regulations concerns routine preventative use of veterinary medicines. The FIIA policy on responsible use does not permit routine preventative use of antibiotics within members’ supply chains. Preventative treatments are only acceptable when they are:

i) To treat animals diagnosed at high risk of bacterial disease, and

ii) Prescribed by vets who have direct responsibility for those animals, and

iii) Not used as compensation for poor hygiene or in place of improvements in husbandry which could reduce the need for treatment.

The FIIA policy specifies that any preventative treatments deemed necessary should be administered to individual animals where possible, except in species which cannot be treated individually without stress or harm, or where group treatment is in accordance with veterinary best practice.

FIIA has undertaken to review its policy annually in light of changing evidence and practice, and update as necessary. The UK government is continuing its work on proposed amendments to its Veterinary Medicines Regulations 2013 to reflect these discussed changes to regulations in Europe. The Veterinary Medicines Directorate plans to carry out a formal consultation in 2022 on proposed changes, with the revised UK regulations coming into force later in 2022 or early 2023. FIIA will review its policy once further detail on changes in UK regulation are known.

At the moment, all FIIA’s policies and codes cover UK-sourced produce, although some individual retailers may be able to cover some imported products. There is a long-term ambition to widen the policy to all produce in time. The coverage on branded products will vary from member to member as a result.

The UK already has among the lowest sales of antibiotics for the veterinary treatment of farm animals in Europe, driven by voluntary collaborative initiatives across all livestock sectors led by RUMA. Overall sales have halved with sales of the highest priority products falling by almost 80%. Use of antibiotics for growth promotion has been banned in the UK since 2006, and most retailers have written into their policies that they do not support products of (therefore imported) animal origin where growth promoters have been used.

All main farm assurance schemes operating in the UK now require farmers to undertake annual reviews of antibiotic use with their vet, including recommendations for reductions and refinements in use. Red Tractor rules covering 95% of dairy production in the UK and around half of beef and lamb production in England also require at least one person on the farm to have undergone formal medicine handling training.

18 November 2021

Collaborative action is succeeding in antibiotic resistance battle

In response to a call for supermarkets to do more to support responsible use of antibiotics on-farm, the FIIA – which brings together retailers, manufacturers, processors and food service companies – welcomes the remarkable progress the UK has made in farm antibiotic stewardship in recent years. We agree there is more to do in this country, but progress continues, and we aim to eventually apply FIIA policies across all supply chains serving the UK.

However, halving total sales, and cutting use of the most important antibiotics by over three-quarters to comprise less than 0.5% of the total, are significant achievements. Additionally, colistin use in farming all but disappeared in 2020. The UK is now one of the lowest users of antibiotics to treat farm animals in Europe, and levels of resistance found through food surveillance are almost all stabilising or falling as a result.

In terms of our ongoing role in this, we fully support the farmers and vets working in our supply chains. However we also recognise the complex nature of these supply chains and respect the farmer’s ‘ownership’ of their own antibiotic usage data. These commitments are laid out in the policies on this website.

So rather than competing on this issue, we have been working collaboratively. This includes setting out clear rules that build on the European ban on use of antibiotics for growth promotion (in place since 2006) by not permitting any routine preventative use of antibiotics within our supply chains. Our approach also fosters discussion about antibiotic use between farmers and their immediate customers, and supports the collection of national-level antibiotic data to allow accurate benchmarking and improvement.

The biggest challenge in terms of national data remains in the large and complex dairy, beef and sheep sectors, where data collection is taking place but is still to come together to form a national picture.

This is why FIIA is pushing efforts into supporting the new AHDB-developed Medicine Hub ( and is urging cattle and sheep farmers and vets to register as soon as possible to speed the process of confidential national data collation. As these sectors are already known to be relatively low users of antibiotics, this transparency can only improve trust and opportunities for UK dairy, beef and lamb.

Finally, we would like to reiterate that responsible antibiotic use is not necessarily zero use. Animals must be treated for disease when required to safeguard their health and welfare. This is the specialised and skilled job of the farm vet, who controls veterinary antibiotic prescriptions.

As the UK continues to build its track record in responsible antibiotic use, so our members intend to progressively turn their focus to suppliers in other countries, making sure that eventually, common FIIA principles can be applied across all our supply chains serving the UK.

14 October 2021

UK food industry pledges support for new farm antibiotic database

The UK food industry has welcomed a call to action to UK cattle vets to spearhead uptake of a national dataset for farm antibiotic use (see below).

It says it will do all it can to champion this important initiative, announced this week at the British Cattle Veterinary Congress (14-16 October) held in Newport.

The Food Industry Initiative on Antimicrobials (FIIA), which brings together retailers, manufacturers, processors and food service companies to promote and support responsible antibiotic use in livestock farming and aquaculture, says the transparency the new Medicine Hub will bring will further improve trust and opportunities for UK dairy, beef and lamb.

Tesco’s Group Quality Director Sarah Bradbury, who sits on the FIIA steering group, emphasised that UK farms already have an excellent track record on antibiotic stewardship – and cattle and sheep farmers are known to use comparatively small amounts of the medicines.
“The arrival of the Medicine Hub is a real breakthrough. It’s a safe and secure way to collate, report and compare antibiotic information while giving farmers confidence to share data in a confidential way. The initiative will help demonstrate the limited use of antibiotics across dairy, beef and sheep enterprises.”

ABP’s Group Technical and Sustainability Director Dean Holroyd, who also sits on the FIIA steering group, says it’s now important the Medicine Hub gets taken up and used to its full potential so the UK can retain its position among leaders in stewardship of antibiotics in farming globally.

“FIIA’s members will be urging their supply chains to get involved with this initiative, and we are delighted to see cattle vets leading the charge in asking their clients to register on the Medicine Hub,” he says.

“We will be supporting this by encouraging as many dairy, beef and sheep producers in our supply chains to do the same by the end of the year, so data uploading can start in earnest in 2022.”

To find out more about the Medicine Hub and to get registered, please go to

14 October 2021

UK cattle vets to spearhead crucial antibiotic data collection

Cattle vets are being called on to spearhead efforts to populate the new national Medicine Hub with farm antibiotic data.

The call to action, made at the British Cattle Veterinary Association (BCVA) Congress this week (14-16 October) in Newport, asks vets to help dairy, beef and sheep clients register on the Medicine Hub before the end of the year so they can confidentially share data with it on farmers’ behalf.

UK farms already have among the lowest use of antibiotics in Europe1. But while pig, poultry and aquaculture sectors capture antibiotic data for over 90 per cent of production, the large and complex dairy, beef and sheep sectors have struggled to evidence responsible use due to lack of this type of national-level data2.

The industry-led Medicine Hub – developed by AHDB – plans to address this. With unprecedented farm-to-fork support3, it offers a safe, secure and independent central repository to collate, report and compare antibiotic data from a variety of sources, including on-farm farm use and datasets from vets and processors.

The Medicine Hub is also developing interfaces to transfer in data collected by the Welsh Lamb & Beef Producers antimicrobial use calculator app4 and the STAMP antimicrobial usage benchmarking tool in Northern Ireland5. In addition to this, Quality Meat Scotland’s commitment to promoting good antibiotic stewardship includes mandatory collation of antibiotic data to contribute to national recording.

Both BCVA and the Sheep Veterinary Society have promoted the Medicine Hub in recent months. Registering farm clients will now be an important first step towards demonstrating the success of a wide range of antibiotic stewardship activities undertaken in these sectors over the past five years.

BCVA board member and cattle vet Rachel Hayton, who chairs the Medicine Hub’s industry liaison group and will be speaking about it at the Congress, says it will take time for the Medicine Hub to fully evolve – but the information it eventually provides will be invaluable for many reasons.

“We need to consider UK producers’ reputation and accountability, and meet new national antibiotic use targets agreed by vets and producers through the RUMA Targets Task Force in November 20206,” she explains.

“We know both vets and farmers have been committed to raising the bar on responsible use of antibiotics – we want them to be able to prove this!”

In addition to meeting national targets, Rachel says UK farmers and vets need to consider EU rule changes, with member countries having to provide information on antibiotic use in cattle from 2023 and sheep from 2026.

“This will apply to Northern Ireland directly, but the other three nations indirectly too as they seek trade deals with the EU.

“Vets, as the prescribers and gatekeepers of antibiotics, have a huge role to play in this, which is why we’re asking cattle vets to step up now and be part of developing this hugely exciting platform. Knowing the whole industry is behind this should give vets and farmers alike a huge boost!”

Rachel adds that some vet and producer groups, especially in the dairy sector, are already collating and comparing data. “Subject to data permissions, we are aiming for these private datasets to be incorporated into the Medicine Hub without duplication on the part of the farmer.

“The Medicine Hub will eventually offer everyone with antibiotic data, whether a single farmer, software company, or consultancy with thousands of records, the chance to benchmark their records against the national dataset.”

To find out more about the Medicine Hub and to get registered, please go to

[1] European Medicines Agency – European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC)

[2] Veterinary Medicines Directorate – Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance and Sales Surveillance

[3] Industry support for the Medicine Hub has been received from AHDB (Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board), Anglo Beef Producers UK, Blade Farming, British Cattle Veterinary Association, British Retail Consortium, British Veterinary Association, Cattle Antibiotic Guardian Group, Co-op, Dairy UK, Farm Vet Champions, Food Industry Initiative on Antimicrobials, Map of Ag, National Beef Association, National Sheep Association, Red Tractor, RCVS Knowledge, Ruminant Health and Welfare, RUMA, Sheep Antibiotic Guardian Group, Sheep Veterinary Society and Welsh Lamb and Beef Producers. The Veterinary Medicines Directorate also supports the initiative.

[4] WLBP –

[5] STAMP –

[6] RUMA – Targets Task Force Report 2020